Mixed drinks have been enjoyed from the beginning of the civilization, some even saying that the first cocktail was prepared from lemon juice and viper powder.
The first collection of cocktails was published in the seventeenth century and included many complicated recipes. The editor, the Distillers Company of London, authorized by King Carol the First, actually published some sort of medical agenda and its cocktails plaid the role of drugs. But aren’t we still thinking that some cocktails are like “medications”?
There are many opinions concerning the origin of the word “cocktail”. It is your choice to decide which of the following versions is more appropriate, but we can consider all of them to be true, until the opposite is proved.
The word “cocktail” was first defined in an American journal in 1806 like this: “a combination of alcohol, sugar, water (ice?) and fruits”. The word “cocktail” was not very spread at that time, but the magazine did not exclude the possibility that this word could have had a more narrow meaning before.
One of the most circulated theories sounds like this: during the war of independence in the USA, the owner of the guest-house, Betsy Flanagan, whose clients were officers in the armies of Lafayette and Washington has once cooked a meal from a hen stolen from her neighbors who were English sympathizers. To celebrate her small victory, she decorated the glasses which were used to at dinner with the bird’s feathers. Her French guests proposed a toast in her name shouting: “vive le cocktail!”
The next two stories come from Mexic: on one of Mexican beaches there is a small town called Campeche, a place were English sailors used to drink traditional punches “dracs”. To mix up the drinks they used specially shaped wooden spoons. The natives called them “cola de gallo”, in English “cock's tail”. Later, English sailors started to use the same name for punches. While visiting the chief of a local tribe, the officers of the American marine were served with exotic drinks prepared by the chief’s daughter X-octl. The officers called these drinks cock-tails in the name of the chief’s daughter; the English word sounded much like her name.
Another theory tracks the origin of the word “cocktail” in France. According to this version, this word comes from the name of the punch prepared from wine called coqetel in the Bordeaux region.
There are also many other theories, all of them being as true as these ones. But one thing is for sure, there is no definite answer to this question.
The first true collection of cocktails was written by Jerry Thomas, in 1862, and it was called “Bon Vivant's Guide, or How to Mix Drinks”'.
Cocktails, the way we know them, became popular for the first time in the USA. In the beginning, these were most often ready-to-drink beverages served at sports events or picnics, and less in bars. The first cocktail bar in London was opened only in the second decade of the last century. The international interest for cocktails awoke in the 20’s, when the prohibition in the USA led the country to the age of cocktails.
Nowadays, classical cocktails are shown much respect, but, in the same time, our preferences and tastes are continuously changing, a fact that keeps the desire to experiment in the cocktail world alive – a world with undiscovered origins.
The original Design of the restaurant-pub "Passepartout” is complemented by a rich menu, which includes traditional foods of different countries. Here you can taste the well-known French quiche-Lorraine, Italian pasta, English sandwiches and toasts, oriental food, and many more.
The restaurant offers a large range of meat and fish foods, including grilled. You can also enjoy different snacks, soups and sauces.
You can admire the spirit of the place while drinking tea or coffee with your friends or partners. If you prefer something stronger, you could order a bottle of rum or tequila. Those who love sweets will be served with desserts made according to the recipes elaborated by the restaurant’s chefs.
The restaurant’s menu is permanently renewed and completed with new foods. That is why your every visit at "Passepartout” will become a pleasant discovery.